Life as Organism
In the early 1800s, Western doctors who worked with socially disfunctioning humans (referred to as 'mental patients') began to notice that most of these patients
behaved totally 'rational' but missed the emotions connected to severely violating cultural and personal social rules.
The doctors in fact noticed that the human life variant 'Western Culture' started disfunctioning,
that the 'mind-body split' attitude after initial succes, showed signs of stress.
The emotion ignoring 'mind-body split' attitude behind 'mental' problems and behind a Western World in crisis already dates from ancient Aristotle, but was revived in Enlightenment.
Life on earth is one organism. An organism with as goal 'survival'. Cultures (paradigms) of any kind are like spots/layers in this huge organism.
They expand and shrink, see it as a kind of 'el nino' of life, of which the weather phenomenon 'el nino" is only a tiny part.
The super paradigm Western World grew to a big stain in the picture of global life on earth, and now is fading away.
This Western World paradigm as part of the organism 'life' is not effective anymore for survival of this organism 'life'. Other paradigms in the balance
grow, a constant balance of effectivity of survival of life.
Life as a whole doesn't change in material content, only in arrangement. All the time life is in active defense mode and that way prevents that cultures get too dominant.
Human life in this Western World stain can be seen as cancer cells, not as illness but as micro warriors.
A kind of microbes in the rapidly shrinking culture Western World, now before dying during reproduction gradually adapting to new circumstances.
The 21st century movie "Avatar" gave an impression of life as one organism. It suggested a central 'processor', a kind of steering unit of life.
A more probable possibility is that life as a whole works as a living unit, a balance.
Living and dead things on earth are always balancing.
For dead things this came to be called erosion. Erosion is balancing of 2 or more dead things in contact.
Erosion is change for dead things.
Living things, from bacteria to mammals, balance behavior with temporary always changing direct environment in the organism 'life'.
Also if that temporary direct environment is totally different from longer lasting total organism 'life'.
Not as result of 'conflict', but as outcome of 'balancing' in the changing organism 'life'.
All the time dominant behavior of the direct environment is in some way taken over, but trends might be seen when looking from space to earth while seeing different aspects of life as colors.
Like the trend that fresh colors replace the fading away color of Western Culture.
Any paradigm environment on human level (conceptual scheme) also is ritual behavior (religion), also 'rationality'.
Religions create extra words to distinguish themselves, words that point at ritual behavior that only makes sense for the members of this religion.
The virtual environment (METAphysics) 'Catholicism' is build around the notion 'spirit'/'soul'/'mind'. This virtual environment worked like a hard drug and
deeply 'addicted' Western Society. Especially because Catholicism created ideal conditions for egoism/individualism.
'Egoism' works as long as conditions allow for 'growth', like 'burocracy' works as long a society can allow itself to waste huge amounts of energy .
In the western religion 'rationality' the skill to juggle with 'rational' logic with words of the 'rational church' was given the name 'understanding'.
Chances to succeed in western environments became dependent of speaking 'rational' (using the 'rational' skill 'understanding').
Religions are like hard drugs, you become religious out of curiosity, and then you (body) become slave a virtual reality created by 'understanding' (addiction).
In case of 'rationality', you start 'understanding' 'rational' values in 'rational' ethics and you become slave of 'rational reality' (kind of daydreaming).
Addiction to virtual environments is called 'mind body split', with 'mind' representing the flimsy bodily process of exploiting a virtual reality.
And the deep belief in 'mind' is leading to physical sensations (flimsy dreams) that are felt as certainties.
Such a certainty: "'rational' rule of the world asks for emotionless 'egos' (politicians),
feelings of pain and even death are not 'productive'".
The logical attitude behind this dual view of life since Enlightenment more and more created grammars that distanced the European languages from the symbolic meaning
Character based languages were able to express any virtual reality (any set of logical conditions).
Character based languages like modern English are perfectly suited for 'technology', but disastrous for social communication.
As can be seen daily in Twitter, Facebook, ... An ocean of character based words, in terms of communication as deep as a puddle.
Character based languages allow any set of consistent 'lies' (more drug, food for 'mind'), as 'politicians' and 'lawyers' prove every day
Social communication might need no verbal language, or a very basic symbol based language.
Basic Chinese proved to work for ages.
English gradually established itself as world language, and because of its logical
character based grammar became perfectly suited for (emotionless) communication in 'technology'.
Although I guess
that Old English was 'word based'. The migration from 'word based' to 'character based' seems to
be 'rational' influence.
New ways of life need a new ways of communication.
Escape from Prison of Ego (Ego is a Freudian notion, but points at use of 'mind'/'ratio')
George Santayana in 'The Life of Reason': those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it
|I'll focus on the Western World. If the focus shifts from Ego ('understanding') to 'effective',
then when it comes to 'living together in a sustainable way', Ego ('understanding') is not effective
(Continental Idealism, Man as Political Animal, Life is a Game, nowadays hidden in the Religion 'Politics')
Henk Tuten Cultural truths are reengineered past truths. A major paradigm shift adds new 'truth'
The Western World has always been proud of its (Hellenistic) Greek background, culminating in a rigid 21st century Western Society that centers around 'mind'.
The chinese language has no characters for 'mind', other than those that point at brain activity.
In chinese characters 'mind', 'soul', 'ego', 'intelligence', ...are an interwoven set of symbols with no relation to reality,
clearly designed to match western words.
Western cultures are ordered according to 'understanding' and connected 'ethics'.
Leaders are chosen because of their skill in vomiting 'words', and ability in 'understanding' and behaving 'ethical'' (THE western fantasies
In Western Civilization the contemplation of 'ethics' and debating about 'ethical' conduct replaced effective behavior. Peculiar enough this can coexist with large scale corruption.
And with ineffective talks of so called leaders while in Syria civilians are brutally butchered everyday.
Through Alexander the Great the Hellenic Greek spread the Aristotelian ego view of life all over the Middle East.
They began using their 'mind' (rational thought) to conquer the world.
When the Roman Empire found this inviting slavery accepting reality in the
crumbling remnants of the totally Hellenized Middle East they were deeply attracted.
Much later Catholicism brought this virtual 'ego' reality to Europe.
Western World inhabitants started imagining reality in in 2 layers.
With as level 1 the perfect virtual reality Laws-of-Nature, and as imperfect level 2 ever improving
human 'rational' improvements trying to match The Design.
Since 17th century Enlightenment 'rational thought' started dominating Western Civilization.
In technology the 'rational approach' (logic) resulted in HUGE changes, but also (more stealthy)
emotions as evolutional reservoir of skill increasingly were ignored.
The attraction of the 'rational prison' proved stronger than anybody could have ever expected.
The hallucination that 'ratio' is of the same 'political' substance as 'god', and is superior to skill.
The addiction Continental Idealism = Prison of 'Understanding'.
Western society became drenched with the hallucination 'mind'. A 'big mind' became guarantee for a pleasurable life.
No mistake, structured imagination (theory)
is an awfully effective TOOL to steer behavior,
but when used as THE LAW then a political attitude
easily becomes 'concentration camp'.
When wealthy people evade responsibility and use the law (bureaucracy
) to escape reality,
then for poor people life becomes a nightmare that returns every day(rational prison in physical reality
The total confusion in the present Western World has similiarities to the confusion in Inca culture when it's reality was wiped away by the Spanish.
With the confusion in Red Indian cultures when Red Indian values were wiped away by the Puritans, with African cultures when they were unable to defend
themselves against the pure egoism behind the Western shape of slavery.
Only this time the unexpected is not coming from elsewhere but from within.
Western Culture is confronted with the fact
that an end has come to infinite growth, the practice of endless exploitation
And that it's a myth that 'knowledge' and 'understanding' are more than the skill of using memory and the skill
of using logic. Trying to 'understand' the crisis without doing much has no use.
More and more skills are only found outside the Western World and in a few years the
complex parts of the skill 'understanding' are available abundantly outside the Western World too.
The choice is now: cooperation or slow death. In the case of Syria the endless talking of Western 'leaders'
without doing anything, has seriously diminished the will to cooperate with the Western World.
Western behavior that temporarily was extremely effective, now has become a threat for survival.
Behavior like egoism, individualism, rationality, .....
Belief in Immateriality
The 20-centuries-deep self-invented imprisoning idea that there immaterial
life exists gives western leaders a high status, simular to leaders of sects.
Because such politicians, managers, .. are champions in 'understanding', which is in this sect seen as a 'higher than physical' activity (=immaterial
And this deep belief in 'immateriality' as superior to physical life prevents until now that members of the sect Western World say 'NO
to the self-chosen 'political' leaders as emotionless 'chess players' (in the selfmade 'immaterial' game 'law and order'
Western World sect members, until now, imagined, as in a kind of hallucination, 'law' to be outside the emotional world, not resulting from physical body process.
In the Western World sect 'laws' in the shape of written rules became 'prisons with METAphysical walls', and caused unemotional ways of life like industrialism ('immaterial' rule: replace body labor with machine labor, use bodies only as consumers
capitalism ('immaterial' rule: take maximum amount of 'money' of consumers to keep machines rolling that produce consumption goods
The moment is nearing that young sect members of Western World (consumers
) in an aha experience realize that 'understanding' is a trick,
and that they can make a huge jump forward by avoiding all institutions that pretend things like 'mind', 'spirit', 'soul', 'intelligence', 'understanding', 'god',
'rationality', ..... Without throwing away the
possibilities of the use of logical TOOL ('understanding'
The (originally catholic
) view that there are souls independent of bodies
gradually changed western society in a 2 layer sect where 'theory' of the powerfull controls the behavior of the common sect members, instead of where leaders lead the fight for life.
The sect members in 'Western World' start realizing that 'mind' is a wishful fantasy (a vacuum) and that 'the great political minds', apart from 'the money', never controlled anything.
The fall of the Berlin Wall and of Apartheid were only preliminary shocks, the collapse
of Western culture is the nearing major paradigm shift
that will influence all of earth.
'Theory' offers no new behavior around 'inequality', a new world develops around a new ATTITUDE in reality.
Recent History of Mankind
Before Alexander the Great/the Cursed (356-323 B.C.) the Persian Empire was HUGE, and Greece/Macedon a dot on the world map inhabited by compared to central Persia rather primitive and agressive barbarians.
The Western World still practiced massive slavery until the 20th century and never got acquainted with a holistic culture like Buddhism.
Slavery was forbidden in ancient Persia.
Alexander the Great profited from the fact that Persia had neglected its military capabilities and trusted on the huge size of its army.
Alexanders army was highly professional, and Alexander's best general Parmenion was brilliant in tactics (Parmenion was rewarded by being executed
Alexander's blitz conquest (10 years) caused that after his death in all of the Middle East (except Arabia) religion changed from seeing all of nature as god to
the dualism practiced by the Hellenic Greek. Dividing reality in 2 parts, a design (god) and try outs. With humans on a special position in these try outs,
and Greek humans as superior because the controlled (ignored) emotions.
Major life changes after initiation by a paradigm shift can take ages. A few ages after Alexander's destruction of the Middle East (paradigm shift)
the Roman Empire profited for Alexanders military efforts and made the coastal parts of The Middle East into exploitable colonies.
The Romans never succeeded in conquering Persia and Arabia.
100BC Persia had got Parthian rulers rulers, and was still huge but in much weaker condition.
From 224AC to 651AC Persia was ruled by the Sassanids.
In 451AC the Romans made the dual world view of the Greek into the only accepted religion in the already weak Roman Empire at the Council of Chalcedon.
Islam never accepted The Council of Chalcedon with its strict spirit-body split (Catholicism).
After 630AC The Romans tolerated Mohammad, because his tribe was a useful ally against the Sassanid Persians
In the period 633–651 the Mohammedans conquered Persia. Meanwhile also Syria (637), Armenia (639), Egypt (639).
And afterwards North Africa (652), Cyprus (654), etcetera.
The Romans concentrated on Europe, and in shape Catholicism brought the dual world view of the Greeks to Europe (Aristotelianism).
Islam did not accept the dual world view but obviously inherited the supremacy attitude and the warrior attitude of the Greeks.
Islam blocked contacts of Europe with Asia (Taoism, Buddhism, ..).
Round 1250 (Aristotelianism was adapted by Catholic godfather Thomas Aquinas
) (strict dualism, mind-body split).
Henk Tuten: Statements in the 21st century Western World that point at the dualism 'natural-law/reality', in some way go back to the thinking of Aristotle.
In Northern Europe Catholicism was defeated by a variant, Protestantism.
Protestantism added to dualism: rationalism and individualism.
In shape Calvinism fundamental protestantism was found in England, Holland, Switzerland and France.
In shape Lutheranism fundamental protestantism was found in Germany and Scandinavia.
This puritanism became more and more isolated, and finally moved to the New World.
Exactly these parts of the world in the 21st century show overdone egoism and individualism
and run toward a huge recession.
Start 21st century: Oceans polluted, deforested, icecaps melting etcetera etcetera.
The crisis of Earth caused by Westerners in the Aristotelian Paradigm triggers youth worldwide to make a paradigm shift
to A Next Paradigm
Buddhist, Hindi, Western Rational, Muslim, .....
They need help
Alexander the Great
With the exception of Jesus Christ, no historical celebrity in the West is more well known than Alexander the Great
. His megalomaniac deeds became legends, ignoring
that they were mostly also genocidal
Alexander's conquest of ancient Persia (say 2350 years ago
), could in the 21st century be compared to the US Army bombing worldpower China to pieces.
Alexander's completely superior professional army did not conquer, but used genocide on grand scale as strategy, sent many thousands of Persians as slaves to Greece, and totally emptied Persia of all riches.
Alexander is said to have needed '20.000 mules and 5.000 camels' to transport the treasures of only the Persian capital 'Takhet Jamshid' ('Throne of Jamshid' or in greek language 'Persepolis', city of Persians
The 'Greeks' were interested in more than military conquest; they wanted to spread their political and cultural ideas, which they arrogantly saw as The Source of civilized life.
Greek dualism penetrated into western Asia.
Persia never recovered and although still way too strong for the Roman Empire many ages later was trampled by the hordes of (also Aristotelian)
Ancient Persia probably was more ethically advanced than the Western World at present. How could this happen, and how do we learn from this?
(See map 500BC)
When the Roman Empire as 'heir' of Alexander the Great conquered Europe, and Europe learned to accept Alexander the Great as godfather of the Western World this meant that Europe lost
contact with Asia, and needed until around 1700AC to reach the cultural level that Persia already displayed in 350BC.
The Roman Empire had isolated Persia, by seeing Persia as their main competitor. This way the Roman Empire blocked contact with Asia.
At the Council of Chalcedon in 451AC the Roman Empire officially took the dual doctrine of Aristotle as house doctrine, and dictated this spirit-body split
to all Catholic churches. Start of the Dark Ages (476AC-1000AC), where Catholicism had great difficulty of taking over the role of Roman Empire in Europe.
2350 ages ago on the teeny weeny planet Earth the 'barbarian' 'Westerner' Alexander the Great conquered practically all of the Middle East (all part of Persian Empire), purely out of ambition and greed, with a superior professional army and by using brute force.
Alexander the Great definitely destroyed the regional power balance and isolated Europe from Asia by turning the Middle East into an anti buddhism everlasting warzone.
Huge caravans with many tons of gold and silver were sent to Greece and local Zoroastrian wisdom (doing good) was extinguished, and replaced by
dual Hellenistic rule (destroy 'the barbarians') plus local collaborators (exploitation, introducing 'evil' as independent quality).
The Dark Ages: European leaders get spiritual
The ancient Roman jet set could not imagine any order without slaves,
for them life was a 'spiritual humans' and barbarians (human animals), and the number of human pets (slaves) expressed the superiority of their 'mind'.
With the agressively expanding Roman Empire the Cult of Ratio (mind body slavery = feudalism: thinking masters and labouring slaves) entered Western Europe.
In 451AC at the Council of Chalcedon (451AC), mind-body split thinking (Catholicism) was made into law.
In military way the domination of the Western Roman Empire finally ended in in 476ac, but Catholicism replaced bodily power with 'domination of the mind' (politics).
(Present western leaders can not imagine a world without 'rationality',
for them having 'consciousness', 'understanding' 'mind' and a redundant body is natural and the number of votes (slaves) expresses the superiority of their 'minds').
During the 'dark ages' (500AC-1100AC) after 'Chalcedon' Catholicism did not succeed to beat intuition and to become dominant in Western Europe.
The Dark Ages was a period of struggle between intuitive religions (common sense) and Catholicism. Old Testament Christians regarded this time as a period of Catholic corruption
('dark' Catholic ways). The Dark Ages was also the period of vast Muslim conquests. Muslim conquests prevailed until the time of the Crusades.
The age old conflict between Roman Christianity and Islam originates in this period, not caused by religious conflict but caused by fear for terror.
But then eight 'crusades' against 'The Muslims' in a period of 2 ages (1095 to 1272) did the job.
When the cats are away ... the mice take power.
Western Europe was severely weakened, and most of it's best leaders and most skilled fighters died outside Europe.
In the resulting 'power vacuum' The Cult of Ratio in Catholic shape succeeded in 'political way' in taking power away from the traditional cults.
This was accomplished in a 'dirty war', by cleverly chosing power-hungry allies in the weakened homelands. Probably this was not from the very start purposely orchestrated by Rome, but it was brilliant tactics anyway. In the following Middle Ages Catholicism was THE power
in Western Europe, and cleverly consolidated this 'political' power.
In the 17th century the new Cult of Ratio 'science' started colliding with the old Cult of Ratio Catholicism. In an attempt to prevent a 'political' collision
(and to save the 'political' dominance of Catholicism) the catholic-priest/scientist Descartes redefined
'anima' into 'ratio', and without realizing succeeded in saving the 'mind' over matter doctrine AND in creating 'intellectual chaos' (lasting till today).
'Rational logic' of course took no position in slavery, only in case of more 'profit' politically replaced slavery with machines
From there in a few ages mind-body split thinking as 'rationalism' conquered the world. The most fanatic branches of Aristotelianism/rationalism (Lutheranism/Puritanism) were banned to The New World (America).
In WWI/WWII three Lutheran/Puritan variants competed for world dominancy. Winner: US.
Rationality is brilliant use of logic, but in the end nothing more than optimal use of memory.
In the 21st century rationality bring us the amazing 'cleantech'. PART of the solution for our polluted and overcrowded earth with
huge wealth gaps. But only a small part, still based on 'rationality' and infinite growth.
More is needed. Change.
The violent game-world 'Western world' survived by having very effective side effects, but slowly through the ages degraded in a paradise for 'political animals' and 'law and order' adepts.
The arrogant western notions 'intelligence', 'understanding' are result of dualism in the game Catholicism (defining a metaphysical template behind physical reality
This caused the HUGE gap with the non-western world.
The game 'catholicism' sets human minds or souls in kind of opposition to human bodies.
This game came to Europe via the Romans from Hellenic Greek culture.
When playing the game 'catholicism' the denial of God (the game rules) of course is impossible,
and that made this game impopular.
Convincing was that everybody who refused to play 'catholicism' died a terrible death.
In the Prison of Western Dualism (the related games catholicism, protestantism, rationality) playing according to the metaphysical game rules of ('belief', 'rationality'
is valued higher than physical skill.
The virtual world 'True' created in these games is brutal.
Winning is splendid, but losing is deadly.
In the later Middle Ages in the Western World treating reality in leading circles rapidly 'Aristotelianized'.
The dual view of considering everything (especially affairs of state
) as tradable compromise between 'ideal'
and practice was called 'political', after Aristotle's 'politika'. Strictly a 'politician' is someone with 'Aristotelian' behavior, allways looking for compromises beween selfmade 'ideals' and reality.
Very clearly Western Dualism can be seen in the Israel Palestine Conflict where the Western World keeps
aiming through compromise at a for all parties acceptable solution, and indirectly by doing nothing backs the conflict seeking attitude of Israel ('We' the superior humans and 'they' the others
This western paradigm resulted from many ages of practicing similar, and always dual (conflict presuming
) conceptual schemes, since the ancient times of Alexander the Great and Aristotle.
The Western World became a dualistic 'island' on earth, a Fortress Western World
that fights terrorism of 'the others'.
A major paradigm shift changes Western World behavior in a dramatic way, because of sensing reality differently afterwards.
Just for some time ponder about it that the present Western notions 'intelligence', 'understanding', 'spirituality', ..., are result
of imagining reality in 2 parts, a metaphysical reality (natural law = blueprint) and a physical reality (building),
with 'mind' OUTSIDE physical reality, instead of behaving WITHIN one reality. There is no 'outside physical reality'.
Behind leaps in evolution is always a drive towards drastic change.
Readiness to escape ineffective behavior is result of fear (deep feelings of instability) caused by disaster/crisis.
The conflict thinking (idealism behind mind-body split
) promoted by the ancient Greek, for a very long period resulted, in the Western World, in great progress.
Now the world is experiencing conflicting emotions. The emotions that were ignored more and more, especially since Enlightenment.
But now this results in instability of a size that was not seen in millennia.
Cultural learning within major paradigms is incremental; very rarely leaps to new ways of sensing are needed, a next major paradigm!
The present world is needing change rapidly.
Not simply political change (finetuning of the present view on reality), but a new way of handling reality.
Reality is filtered, by the senses and by brains. Senses and brains of individuals tend to seek a kind of herd-equilibrium.
The present Western World Herd equilibrium around notions like 'intelligence', 'understanding', 'spirituality',....is 'political'.
Language Empire; Cult of Ra-tio
Of course there is consistency in reality. But we should evade only reinforcing the logic of
the fortress/prison of our 'rational' language
rational reality is a prison (or any cultural language).
Worship of 'Ra-tio' instead of religion around 'Ra'
Western Civilization when comparing it for instance to ancient Egyptian civilization shows remarkable similarities.
Instead of 'Ra' western civilization has as uppergod 'Ra-tio' (not recognized as such). Close around we find different sects: the aristocracy of 'Ra-tio': leading politicians; the highpriests of 'Ra-tio': scientists;
the leading warriors of 'Ra-tio: army-top; the slavebosses of 'Ra-tio': topmanagers; the managers of 'Ra-tio: high civil servants. The temples of worship of 'Ra-tio' are called 'university', and all have as hidden motto "Ratio Illuminatio Mea"
By Pharao's appointed Egyptian highpriests of 'Ra' would judge: in the eyes of 'Ra' you're guilty and deserve death penalty.
By Presidents appointed judges of 'Ra-tio' say: the only 'ratio'-nal conclusion is life-sentence.
Capitalism seems to reinforce this strangling cult of 'Ratio' worship, by stimulating egoism, taking care that apart from hunger for power all these sects have
dollar motives for keeping things 'as they are'. Interesting is a 19th century letter written by the Rothschilds, sent from London to their New York agents introducing their banking method into America:
Dictionaries and Language Imperialism
|The few who can understand the system will be either so interested in its profits, or so dependent on its favours, that there will be no opposition from that class, while, on the other hand, that great body of people, mentally incapable of comprehending the tremendous advantage that Capital derives from the system, will bear its burden without complaint and, perhaps, without even suspecting that the system is inimical to their interests.
A dictionary is a 'rational' way of comparing 2 cultural languages. Western culture languages became more and more 'rational'.
So for instance a 'rational' English word is linked to a few Chinese word combinations.
Presuming that behind both languages is 'rationality'. There is some logic behind Chinese, but there is no 'rationality' (in western interpretation) behind Chinese.
Children are not born with the talent 'rationality', simply because 'rationality' is a religion (it is Western ritual behavior) .
And dictionaries based on rational interpretations, are a Western language invasion.
Having different cultures/sciences and different languages is an enormous wealth that in case of calamities gives us
language-mutants able to imagine ways of life that are outside our 'rational' world.
Our ability to limit emotion by using rational logic temporarily made western leaders to Slave Masters of The Language Prison Earth.
Even so, we start realizing that, when we go on with destroying (variants of)
intuition, and continue the strategy 'ratio rules' (language imperialism)
and war on terrorism
against all survival behavior, there'll be no escape, no change.
We need a lot of variants of intuition (language variety)
and we need logic (as structure in intuition
), in proportion
Intuition exceeds The Illusion 'Understanding' (The Religion Reason)
Escape from the Prisons of Words Chalcedonian language (catholicism) and rational language
Two interesting tubes: tube1
Say 2500 ages ago Greek leaders qua behavior questioned common sense and Aristotle began to use 'thinking' as way to make 'logical sense'.
You might say that Aristotle invented non-sense (his own logical order) as order of sense (design of the universe),
and without knowing initiated the dualist western religion understanding
'Understanding' presumes a design behind reality, and defines as your 'intelligence' your level of 'synchronization' with this design.
Alexander the Great spread 'understanding' in the Middle East and Catholicism did the same in Europe.
Logic contains no wisdom, and it is the high time to consider concepts like 'common sense' or 'reasonableness' as the
most close descriptions of human nature.
Catholicism was a Roman interpretation of Aristotle's overdone trust in logic, but added the notion of 'faith' (in 'made by god' laws of nature).
Faith supplies the basic rules of logic. Rationalism hided the element of 'faith' in metaphysics (the eternal laws of nature), called no-thing 'ratio', presumed 'understanding' as possessing no-thing and applying no-thing 'thinking.
Products of 'thinking' where are: 'politics', 'laws', (western) science'.
In Western Civilization people began to use 'thinking' to explain human and natural events, using 'rational' logic as 'natural law'.
The Hellenistic Greek view of 'logic applying' man as a 'thinking' being (rational animal; the illusion of 'understanding') is THE explanation why Western Civilization has become so influential in the world today,
AND is the prime cause of crisis in the 21st century Western World, by seeing (cultural) juggling with memory (logic) as 'understanding'.
Henk Tuten: 'rational' language is an agressive prison and we western people are all inmates, captives of the 'rational' illusion 'understanding'.
Wittgenstein tried to show that Worlds of cultural Words are cultural prisons (logical subworlds) within much more open
Prison of Intuition (Wittgenstein about the limits of language ).
We western 'rational' people (especially 'politicians') regain intuition by prisonbreak from the prison of 'rational language'.
We assume that THE TRUTH is 'rational', because our prison 'Reason' is the
Temple of Worship in western culture (and has strict prison laws = rational natural laws).
The religion 'ratio' is a faith in words, if 'rational' people would use intuition more effectively
then there would be no 'rational people'
there is much more than 'rationality'.
From a religion 'rationality' towards intuition
Steve Jobs: Intuition is a very powerful thing, more powerful than intellect, in my opinion. That's had a big impact on my work.
[..]Western rational thought is not an innate human characteristic; it is learned and is the great achievement of Western Civilization.
[...] I saw the craziness of the Western world as well as its capacity for rational thought. Albert Einstein said
something very similar
Consider a paradigm as an cultural addiction (thought community;Fleck), neither good nor bad, a multidimensional balance.
'Bodies' in cultures live without any problem in balance with lots of viruses. A paradigm is not a virus, but there are simularities.
Things become illness when a virus is getting dominant, or crisis wen a paradigm becomes a prison (HARD addiction).
We, the human balancers, are temporarily in paradigm paralysis (dreaming our own dream until disaster
but we'll refind our place in nature.
We'll rebalance intuition and ratio. We'll find new leaders and we'll survive.
Evolution allways beats 'nightmares' with a final La Niña (La Niña; paradigm shift
The World of Ratio